"Moshiach is ready to come now-our part is to increase in acts of goodness and kindness" -The Rebbe

Tuesday, October 27, 2009

Four Objections to Newspapers

Four Objections to Newspapers

Rabbi Y. Oliver

Below is a quote from a Yechidus (private audience) of Reb Nissan Neminov with the Rebbe (it should be noted that the Rebbe requested that this Yechidus be publicized) from which we can learn certain hanachos ha’olam (“worldly attitudes”—see here) to be avoided:
... Each person only has a limited amount of time and strength, and [expending effort for unnecessary pursuits] will detract from one’s time for studying Nigleh and Chassidus.

[To explain this, the Rebbe used the following example:] In America one is supposed to read the newspaper, and people imagine that they cannot do otherwise, and cannot be an exception. However, even if only five minutes are spent, time has been lost—never mind if more time was spent. And who will take responsibility that more time will not pass?

This is all only an example of the American lifestyle, from which one can infer with respect to other aspects ...
Below are two quotes from sichos:
Recently it has become a “custom” for married people that they must read the newspaper in order to know what is going on in the world. And one who didn’t manage to read the newspaper himself will ask his friend to tell him the news that he read in the newspaper. And since “By the mouth of two witnesses every cause will be established” (Devarim 19:15), he does not suffice with hearing the news from one person. He asks another person to tell him the news, for the first person may have missed some details.

If only this “custom” would not become standard for those who maintain fixed times for Torah study, and especially for those for whom these fixed time are established in their souls. This is all the more objectionable for
Yeshivah students.

Sicha of Lech Lecha 5742.
When there is confusion in the world and “kingdoms quarrel with one another” (Yalkut Shimoni, 499), a Jew will exert no impact [on the situation] by reading the papers in order to be informed about what is going on in the world. His knowledge of the situation will have no impact either way. Rather, the proper approach is not to waste time for no benefit at all in order to know the details of the situation, or even the general situation. However, one can certainly exert a positive impact on the situation through increasing in prayer, Torah study, and deeds of kindness.

Sicha of 19-20 Kislev 5744.
To sum up in my own words, there seem to be four reasons that the Rebbe opposes reading newspapers and the like:

1. Even apparently benign activities that are expected by modern society, among them the practice of daily reading the newspaper, are in fact spiritually detrimental, for they conflict with the values, expectations, and priorities that a Torah-observant Jew should have.

2. Paradoxically, preoccupation with learning the details of the problems of society in fact distracts the person from doing his or her part to improve and ultimately even remedy those very problems.

3. Since our time in this world is limited, such activities necessarily distract the Jew from the way that his time should be spent, and moreover, they have a certain addictive quality, by which ones energies are spent in the wrong place. In particular, the constant effort to be informed of the news necessarily distracts one from his obligation to constantly “stay informed” of Torah, and to devote oneself to doing good deeds.

Another reason: The Rebbe seems to be
melamed zechus—“assuming the best,” that those reading the newspaper are not reading any forbidden content (i.e., heresy and sexual immorality). However, it ought to be mentioned that newspapers often contain such messages, whether in the article itself, or in the advertisements, and even if not on an outrageously blatant level, on a level that is still forbidden to view. So those who read newspapers expose themselves to the danger that they may unwittingly or even intentionally read such content, G-d forbid. This is a further reason to avoid such a practice. 

(See here for my follow-up to this article.)


  1. Seemingly, one reason to read newspapers is to know what’s going on in the world, i.e., to be an educated person, who can communicate with other people and does not fit the stereotype an ignorant Jew. Do you think it’s a worthy goal, and if so, where does one find the balance?

    (It has to do not only with reading newspapers, but with knowing more about oilam ha’zeh in general.)

    Are we, even as Chassidim of the Rebbe, supposed to know only Torah and know about the world to the extent that we need to know to survive on a day-to-day basis? Or, is there a way for us to have a wider knowledge and find a way to “elevate” it in our service of Hashem?

  2. I'm surprised that you are asking this question after having read the post, because the sources cited appear to directly address your question.

  3. The Chofetz-Chaim also strongly criticizes reading newspapers in his Sefer Zachor L'Miriam, chapter 23:


    See eight lines from the top where it begins.

    He says that people can waste at least an hour a day reading them, and some aren't satisfied with reading only one but must read several newspapers and therefore waste even more time. He then says that besides the bittul-Torah issue is are the problems that they are often filled with lashon hara, leitzanus, rechilus, macklokes, heresy, immodesty etc. Like the Rebbe does, the Chofetz Chaim also addressed going up to others to find the news, wasting even more time.

  4. Learning about events in the world attributes to them a reality. When a Jew attributes reality to the world, he gives the world power over him, r"l. By minimizing the chashivus we give to velt, we minimize its power over us and the Jew remains--as he truly is--balabos on the velt.


Thank you for your comment! :)